Final reflection

As a conclusion about the Education in Technology subject, I think this is an interesting subject that could build or enhance the students’ skills regarding technologies especially computer. I believe the content of this subject is interesting and some of it also shocked me because who have ever thought as a Tesl student I would someday learned about camera and taking pictures. I think that is one of the wonderful things about this subject because this particular content of this subject has make me interested and motivated on taking better pictures in the future besides helped me to learn some basic knowledge regarding camera. Another subject content that I am not able to forget is regarding to create a good video. I believe this topic to be very helpful one day especially when I become a teacher someday if Allah will it. This is because the knowledge that I have gained from this topic will help me to create a better and interesting teaching material that will help the students to stay focused in class and develop their interest on the subject learned. Furthermore, the most important thing regarding the content of this subject is that it helps me to participate in online learning, most of the time, I need to do my assignments and search for the information online. This aspect of the subject has certainly helped me to become more independent on learning without 100% relying on the materials given. Moreover, there is also a project done in this subject. The project requires me to form a team and take some beautiful pictures in order to participate in a photograph competition in Unisel. This project has helped me to increase and improve my skills working as a team and in an organization where everyone has their own roles and duties, moreover in order to complete this project, all the students has went on a field trip to Penang. At there we tried our best to capture the best pictures that we can. We took some pictures on the historical building and scenery. Frankly, this is my first learning trip since I enter UKM therefore I am quite excited. At Penang, my team and I divided and making turns on taking pictures. Moving on to the technovation day, I think this programme is the best about the subject. I have been named under the special tasks committee members. By working under this committee, I have improved my public relation skills especially in a formal situation for example in asking for help and some materials for the programme. This programme also helps me to work under pressure because there is a lot to do for the programme and at the same time I have other assignments too. Besides, I also have done a presentation during the Edutechnovation Day but my friend did more on giving brief explanation regarding our video project and storyboard. Furthermore, a lot of effort has been put in making the video because my team and I had put a lot of efforts in making it. During the making of the video, I mostly act as the cameraman while my friends have their own duties. The other important thing in the Education in Technology subject is the reflection that students required to make. This reflection helps us to acknowledge what we have learned and acquired during the lessons. Furthermore, in my opinion, it helps me to realize my weakness and what I get from the lessons and activities done.


Week 5

Assalamualaikum and Hi everybody..

The fifth week of my journey as a second year student has finally coming to an end. This is my fifth Education in Technology class for this semester. Today, the class is being held for about only an hour because my lecturer, Dr Rosseni need to attend a meeting or a course in one of the UKM hall nearby. During the lecture session, Dr Rosseni has given us the students some brief explanation regarding our video assignment. She said that after this class, we all need to discuss in our own group regarding our video’s story board, genre and also moral values. Therefore, my teammates and I sit in the computer lab after the lecture to discuss regarding our video assignment. Sadly, two of my teammates were absent during this particular day because they are not feeling well. Both of them are Aizat and Ammar. Therefore, it’s is only up to me and Amirul to complete our task for today, that is what I have thought until Amirul and I recruit Sarah into our team because she has had no team yet. Thus, it is up to the three of us to complete the task for today. We have had our discussion for about an hour and lastly, all the decisions has been made for our task. We have concluded and listed the genre of the video that we will be making, the moral values the video will contain besides completing the storyboard.

From today’s lecture and task, I have learned on how to create a storyboard for a production of video besides thinking critically on how to create a video that will bring lessons for those who watch it.

Week 4

Assalamualaikum and a very good day to all.

Genres in Photography… (

Techniques Used in Photography… (

1. Compose in Thirds

To use the rule of thirds, imagine four lines, two lying horizontally across the image and two vertical creating nine even squares. Some images will look best with the focal point in the center square, but placing the subject off center will often create a more aesthetically composed photograph. When a photograph is composed using the rule of thirds the eyes will wander the frame. A picture composed by the rule of thirds is more interesting and pleasing to the eye.

2. Avoid Camera Shake

Camera shake or blur is something that can plague any photographer and here are some ways to avoid it. First, you need to learn how to hold your camera properly; use both hands, one around the body and one around the lens and hold the camera close to your body for support. Also make sure you are using a shutter speed that matches the lens focal length. So if you’re using a 100mm lens, then your shutter speed should be no lower than 1/100th of a second. Use a tripod or monopod whenever possible. In lieu of this, use a tree or a wall to stabilize the camera.

3. The Sunny 16 Rule

The idea with the Sunny 16 rule is that we can use it to predict how to meter our camera on a sunny outdoor day. So when in that situation, choose an aperture of f/16 and 1/100th of a second shutter speed (provided you are using ISO 100). You should have a sharp image that is neither under or over exposed. This rule is useful if you don’t have a functioning light meter or if your camera doesn’t have an LCD screen to review the image.

4. Use a Polarizing Filter

If you can only buy one filter for your lens, make it a polarizer. This filter helps reduce reflections from water as well as metal and glass; it improves the colors of the sky and foliage, and it will protect your lens too. There’s no reason why you can’t leave it on for all of your photography. The recommended kind of polarizer is circular because these allow your camera to use TTL (through the lens) metering (i.e. Auto exposure).

5. Create a Sense of Depth

When photographing landscapes it really helps to create a sense of depth, in other words, make the viewer feel like they are there. Use a wide-angle lens for a panoramic view and a small aperture of f/16 or smaller to keep the foreground and background sharp. Placing an object or person in the foreground helps give a sense of scale and emphasizes how far away the distance is. Use a tripod if possible, as a small aperture usually requires a slower shutter speed.

6. Use Simple Backgrounds

The simple approach is usually the best in digital photography, and you have to decide what needs to be in the shot, while not including anything that is a distraction. If possible, choose a plain background – in other words, neutral colors and simple patterns. You want the eye to be drawn to the focal point of the image rather than a patch of color or an odd building in the background. This is vital in a shot where the model is placed off center.

7. Don’t Use Flash Indoors

Flash can look harsh and unnatural especially for indoor portraits. Therefore, there are various ways you can take an image indoors without resorting to flash. First, push the ISO up – usually ISO 800 to 1600 will make a big difference for the shutter speed you can choose. Use the widest aperture possible – this way more light will reach the sensor and you will have a nice blurred background. Using a tripod or an I.S. (Image Stabilization) lens is also a great way to avoid blur.

8. Choose the Right ISO

The ISO setting determines how sensitive your camera is to light and also how fine the grain of your image. The ISO we choose depends on the situation – when it’s dark we need to push the ISO up to a higher number, say anything from 400 – 3200 as this will make the camera more sensitive to light and then we can avoid blurring. On sunny days we can choose ISO 100 or the Auto setting as we have more light to work with.

9. Pan to Create Motion

If you want to capture a subject in motion, then use the panning technique. To do this, choose a shutter speed around two steps lower than necessary – so for 1/250, we’d choose 1/60. Keep your camera on the subject with your finger half way down on the shutter to lock the focus and when ready, take the photo, remembering to follow them as they move. Use a tripod or monopod if possible to avoid camera shake and get clear movement lines.

10. Experiment with Shutter Speed

Don’t be afraid to play with the shutter speed to create some interesting effects. When taking a night time shot, use a tripod and try shooting with the shutter speed set at 4 seconds. You will see that the movement of the object is captured along with some light trails. If you choose a faster shutter speed of say 1/250th of a second, the trails will not be as long or bright; instead you will freeze the action. This technique works well if you are using a tripod and if you are photographing a moving object.

How The Shot Was Taken In Photography… (

• Turn off AEB: You may have to set the number of brackets to 0. Otherwise you’ll take    a bracketed set when you thought you were just shooting normal photos.
• Zero previously set exposure compensation: If you forget to do this, afterward you          might take a terribly blown out picture because the compensation was set to +2.0 EV,    as shown in this photo.

• Turn on anti-shake/vibration reduction measures: You will probably be shooting hand      held, which means these features are very helpful.
• Turn on noise reduction features: This is not as critical because these kick in only for      high ISO or long exposures. Still, it’s nice to have. If you prefer to handle noise in            software, always leave this off.
• Turn on auto-ISO features: This moves the camera back toward auto.

The theme here, and with many of these settings, is to help you get the right exposure. You won’t be shooting brackets, so it’s even more important to nail the exposure.
Set proper shooting mode: You may have a favorite mode you like to keep the camera in while not shooting brackets.

• Set desired metering mode: Another safeguard to get the right exposure for the              conditions you are in and the subject you are shooting.
• Return to desired focus mode: This is a personal preference.
• Enable auto flash, if necessary: It can be a surprise when you try to take that perfect      photo, need the flash, and have it off.
• Return to preferred release/drive mode: Mainly for consistency. You don’t want                surprises.

Week 3

Assalamualaikum and Hello to all..

It is my third day as the Education in Technology student. Today’s lecture is being held at the Faculty of Education computer lab. The lecture is conduct by our dear Dr for about three hours. Although the lecture is long, but it is really fun because there are a lot of activities and I also learned many new things especially regarding the video production. During the lecture, my friends and I have done an exercise in the lab. The exercise is really fun besides funny because of the movement and the speed that my friends and I need to catch up. Therefore, by doing the exercise, I am able to enjoy myself at the same time making myself more energetic and healthier. After that, I have been shown some videos which has video production technique apply in them. For example, some of the videos have applied zooming and blurring techniques.

Overall, what I have learned today is on how to create a great video. There are a lot of techniques and skills that need to be apply in order to create a great video. Furthermore, I believe it also takes a lot of patience and imagination in order to produce a very interesting video. I really hope that I am able to apply some of the techniques and skill that I have learned today in my video making assignment in the future.


Assalamualaikum and a very good day…

Today has entered my second week for the Education in Technology class. During this particular day, my friends and I are supposed to have our class held at a computer lab near the DTAM building. Sadly, the time for the class need to be shorten because my friends and I need to enter a seminar which is being conducted under UKM CESMED at 10 o’clock in the morning. Therefore, the class only runs for about 30 minutes on that particular day. During the class hour, I have my attendance taken besides having some discussion with Dr Rosseni Bt Din regarding the reflection assignment that need to be done in the WordPress. Later, I went to the CESMED seminar with all my classmates. The seminar is basically about giving students the idea of the importance of being an entrepreneurship and encourage them to take a course regarding entrepreneurship that the CESMED community is offering.

By the end of the class and seminar, the situation that I have experienced today has make me remember that sometimes all the things in our life does not go according to what we have planned. This is because our life is not only being planned by ourselves alone, but by Allah the Almighty as well. It also make me think that the difference between mankind plans and God plans is that mankind sometimes does not sure if the things they planned for themselves is the best because they only assume that it is the best but different from God, He always know and plan what is the best for his slaves. Thus, at the end of this day, the most important lesson that I have learned is to always think and be positive on things that happened in my life because all of them are surely what Allah has planned for me although sometimes it brings pain and sadness in my life.

Reflection Week 1

Assalamualaikum wrbth and a very good day…

It has enter my second year as a UKM student. I am taking several courses for this semester and one of them is Technology in Education. Basically, my real life as a Technology in Education student starts during the day I received a task from my lecturer Dr. Rosseni. The task requires me to introduce myself by making a one minute introduction video and later post in on Youtube. I am quite surprise because I have never imagine that I would once again be making an introduction video of myself just the same as during my first year as a Ukm student. Nevertheless, I am also happy and thankful because I actually have an experience of doing this kind of task. Therefore, in order to complete this task, I have decided to ask some of my friends for help besides writing a script. I have my college-mate to help me record my video using his camera. It takes about thirty minutes just to make a one minute video because there are several silly mistakes that I have made during the video recording. Later, after finish recording the video, I uploaded the video in my Youtube account. It takes about an hour for the video to fully upload in the Youtube because the internet connection is quite slow. At last, after the video was successfully uploaded, I submit the video in the IFolio. During the class session, I have met my lecturer Dr. Rosseni for the first time. She is very kind, thus making my friends and I comfortable and enjoy learning the subject with her. In the class, she explains to us regarding the subject and what we should do for our first task. Furthermore, we also discuss about going on a learning road trip in the future in order to capture some beautiful and amazing nature’s scenery.

Based on my reading and understanding, the word “Technology” means machines or gadgets which are develop in order to ease human’s daily life. In terms of education, in my perspective, it means learning, either through formal learning or informal learning. Formal learning is actually the learning that take place in any institutions such as school or university. On the other hand, informal learning usually take place at the learner own home. Therefore, Educational Technology is actually teaching or learning using technologies that has been develop to improve the quality of the teaching and learning process.

Before I forget, this is the link to my introduction video that I was describing earlier. I hope you enjoy watching it.

Till we meet again. Assalamualaikum wrbth..